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北红村摘帽记(脱贫故事)
2020-01-07 23:28   来源:  www.futilecycle.com   评论:0 点击:

北红村摘帽记(脱贫故事)过去收入依赖伐木头、拉木头的贫困村,遇上全面禁伐,如何过坎?黑龙江省漠河市北

  过去收入依赖伐木头、拉木头的贫困村,遇上全面禁伐,如何过坎?黑龙江省漠河市北红村立足自身独特资源,借助政策扶持,做活乡村旅游,穷帽一举摘掉了。北红村不但走出贫困,还成了远近闻名的富裕村,想干事、要干事的观念已经深入人心。

In the past, poor villages whose income depended on lumberjacks and lumberjacks met with a total ban on cutting. Mohe city, heilongjiang province, based on its own unique resources, with the help of policy support, do live rural tourism, poor hat took off. North red village not only out of poverty, but also become a well-known rich village, want to do, to do the concept has been deeply rooted.

  在中国最北方的黑龙江省漠河市有一个北红村,地处漠河市北极镇的北部边缘。借用北极镇党委书记曹国范的话说,北红村的地理位置,比人们所熟知的旅游目的地北极村更靠北。

There is a North Red Village in Mohe City, the northernmost province in China's Heilongjiang Province, on the northern edge of the Arctic Town of Mohe City. To borrow the words of Cao Guofan, secretary of the Arctic Town Party Committee, the location of the North Red Village is more north than the known tourist destination, the Arctic Village.

  作为镇上唯一的贫困村,北红村曾经由于产业结构单一,村民收入不高。近年来,北红村抢抓政策机遇,大力发展乡村旅游,短短几年间,旧貌换新颜,完成了从破败落后到美丽宜居的转身。

As the only poor village in the town, Beihong Village once had a low income due to its single industrial structure. In recent years, Beihong Village seize the policy opportunities, vigorously develop rural tourism, in just a few years, the old appearance for a new face, completed from the dilapidated backward to beautiful livable turn.

  下午才4点,天就黑透了,风吹似针,扎得人脸生疼。两位游客碰到了时任村支书张福顺,开口就问村子哪里有宾馆。张福顺苦笑一声,“家家户户住木刻楞子,哪有什么宾馆?”

Only four o'clock in the afternoon, it was dark, the wind like a needle, piercing face pain. The two visitors met Zhang Fushun, then the village secretary, and asked the village where there was a hotel. Zhang Fushun a bitter smile,\" every household living woodcut corrugated son, what hotel?\"

  不得已,他把俩人带回了自己家,吩咐媳妇杀鸡炖肉。“菜整上来,让吃不吃,让喝不喝,劝得急了,才动两下筷子。”张福顺一肚子纳闷。晚上睡觉,媳妇打问明白,原来是怕上厕所,“那时候都是院子里搭个旱厕,外面零下40多摄氏度,一来一回早冻透了。”

As a last resort, he took the two to his house and ordered his wife to kill the chicken stew. \"The dish comes up, let not eat, let drink not drink, persuade urgent, just move chopsticks twice.\" Zhang Fushun wondered. When he went to bed at night, his wife understood that he was afraid of going to the toilet.\" It was a dry toilet in the yard.

  第二天,两个姑娘带着失望离开了北红村,“这里的条件比附近的北极村真是差远了。”游客的话深深刺痛了张福顺。

The next day, the two girls left the village with disappointment.\" The conditions are far worse than in the nearby Arctic village.\" The visitor's words deeply stung Zhang Fushun.

  彼时的北红村,也正处于发展的低谷期。“无霜期只有80多天,一年只能种一茬黄豆,亩产只有200多斤。到附近林场去伐木头、拉木头的收入成为全村最主要的生计来源。”张福顺说,“随着林区限伐和后来全面禁伐,这块收入一下子没了。那几年,全村老少心都慌了,这日子以后可咋办?”

At that time, the North Red Village, is also in the low period of development. \"The frost-free period is only more than 80 days, a year can only grow a stubble of soybeans, per mu yield of only more than 200 jin. The income from cutting wood and pulling wood into nearby forest farms is the main source of livelihood for the whole village. Zhang Fushun said:\" With the limited cutting of forest areas and the subsequent total ban on cutting, this income suddenly disappeared. In those years, the whole village young and old have panicked, this day can do later?\"

  “当时整个漠河的旅游已经开始起步,也有一些游客来到北红村,但由于接待条件有限,往往是转一遭就走了,留不住人。”张福顺和几个村干部一合计,“北极村一枝独秀不是春,咱们北红村也得干出点名堂来。”

“Tourism across the Mohe River had begun at that time, and some visitors had come to the village of Beihong, but because of the limited conditions of reception, they were often left on the spur of the moment." Zhang fushun and several village cadres together," arctic village alone is not spring, we have to do the north red village name hall."

  第二年村两委换届,张福顺没再参选,花半年时间翻盖了新房,秋天收完黄豆,北红村第一家家庭旅馆“福顺客栈”正式开张。“没敢想,当年冬天生意火爆,5个房间几乎天天满客,订房的单子一直排到了春节后。”再过一年,张福顺当初投入翻修新房的10多万元成本全部收回。

The following year, the village two committees changed, zhang fushun no longer run, spent half a year to flip the new house, autumn harvest soybeans, north red village the first family hotel \"fushun inn\" officially opened. \"I didn't dare to think that in the winter of that year, the five rooms were full almost every day, and the list of reservations had been arranged until after the Spring Festival. In another year, Zhang Fushun originally invested in the renovation of new housing costs of more than 100,000 yuan in full recovery.

  此时,带领北红村向前的接力棒交到了新任支书赵民兴的手中。一上任,他就和张福顺琢磨,如何能让全村的群众也搭上乡村旅游这股东风。“全村存有119栋原始木刻楞风格的老房子,都是用圆木和木条建造,比较完整地保存了俄罗斯族民居的特色,不愁没有客人来。”

At this time, leading the north red village forward baton handed over to the new branch of the hands of Zhao Minxing. As soon as he took office, he and Zhang Fushun pondered how to let the whole village people also build up the east wind of rural tourism. \"There are 119 original woodcut-style old houses in the village, all built of logs and wooden bars, which preserve the features of the Russian folk houses in a relatively complete manner, and do not worry about no guests coming.

  2013年,村两委从市里争取来专项资金,想要改造老房发展家庭旅馆。孰料,响应者寥寥,只有21户提出了申请。2014年,后无退路前无出路的北红村被定为贫困村。

In 2013, the village committees sought special funds from the city for the renovation of old houses and the development of family hotels. There were only a few respondents, and only 21 had applied. In 2014, the village of Beihong, which had no way out, was designated as a poor village.

  21户里头真正实施了改造的,只有20户。“虽说张福顺带头起了示范作用,但大伙当时对乡村旅游能不能发展得起来都存有一种观望的态度。房屋翻修改造也需要各户自行投入10万元,剩余部分由政府补齐。”赵民兴说,“这在当时可不是一笔小数目。”

Only 20 of the 21 households have actually been restructured. \"Although Zhang Fushun took the lead in playing an exemplary role, everyone had a wait-and-see attitude about whether rural tourism could develop or not. The renovations will also require $100,000 for each household, with the remainder covered by the Government. \"It wasn't a small sum at the time,\" Zhao said.

  动摇的一户,是村民李云才,交了钱没几天,又追着赵民兴讨了回来。“当时想着政府帮忙给翻修房屋,就算没有客人来最起码也改善了自家的居住条件,但交完钱又心疼了,这可是大半辈子的积蓄啊。”

The shaken one, is the villager Li Yuncai, paid the money a few days, and chased Zhao Minxing back. \"Thinking of the government's help in the renovation of the house, even if no guests to at least improve their living conditions, but after the money and heartache, this is a life savings ah.\"

  赵民兴并不气馁,带着村干部和项目组一起参与规划、设计,最终确定房屋翻新改造以砖石结构为主,但外立面装饰要以原始木刻楞风格为主,最大限度保留村子的民族特色风情。“原始木刻楞房屋是以木结构为主,但冬天不保温,卫生条件也差。”赵民兴说。

Zhao Minxing is not discouraged, with the village cadres and the project team to participate in the planning, design, the final determination of the renovation of the main masonry structure, but the facade decoration to the original woodcut style, to maximize the retention of the village's national characteristics. \"The original woodcut corrugated house is mainly wood structure, but winter is not insulation, hygiene conditions are poor.\" Zhao Minxing said.

  当年12月,20户家庭旅馆如约开张。“4个房间供不应求,天天有人打电话来订房。开张头三个月,赚了2万多元,赶得上以前在林场干活的工钱。”“北方客栈”老板周克禹说。

In december,20 family hotels opened as promised. \"Four rooms are in short supply, and there are calls every day. In the first three months of its opening, it made more than 20,000 yuan to keep up with the wages it had paid to work in the forest farm. \"Northern Inn\" owner Zhou Keyu said.

  赵民兴粗算一下,从12月到第二年3月,全村竟然接待过夜游客近万人,产生旅游收入100余万元。接下来,不用赵民兴再做工作,不少村民找上村部要求翻修房屋,开办家庭旅馆。

Zhao Minxing rough calculation, from December to the following year March, the village unexpectedly received overnight visitors nearly 10,000 people, resulting in tourism income of more than 1 million yuan. Next, don't need Zhao Minxing to do work again, many villagers go to the village ministry to request renovation house, open family hotel.

  建档立卡户张福利,孩子9岁就被查出患有先天性糖尿病,以前住的是40多平方米的木刻楞,现在4铺大炕、2个标间,干净整洁。在漠河市财政局派驻北红村扶贫工作队帮助下,张福利申请贴息贷款盖了新房,2017年11月开了家庭旅馆。“2018年纯收入5万多元,再干这一冬天,争取还上盖房的借款。”张福利说。

Zhang Fuli, the child was found to have congenital diabetes at the age of 9, previously lived in more than 40 square meters of woodcut corrugated, now 4 big Kang,2 standard room, clean and tidy. With the help of the North Red Village Poverty Alleviation Task Force stationed by the Mohe City Finance Bureau, Zhang Fuli applied for a discount loan to build a new house and opened a family hotel in November 2017. \"Net income of more than 50,000 yuan in 2018, and then this winter, and strive to pay the loan to build a house. said Zhang Fuli.

  另一户建档立卡户,65岁的白永生,高血压加上腰间盘突出,长期干不了重活。借着乡村旅游这股东风,重新拾起了马拉爬犁的老行当。“以前是进山给林场拉木材,现在是拉着游客在黑龙江边观光。拉一趟个把小时工夫,能赚200元。”白永生说,村子从11月底开始上客,现在他已经赚了三四千元。

Another establishment card household,65-year-old Bai Yongsheng, high blood pressure plus lumbar disc prominent, long-term cannot do heavy work. Taking advantage of the east wind of country tourism, he picked up the old horse-drawn plough again. \"It used to go into the mountains to pull wood for the forest farm, but now it's pulling tourists around Heilongjiang. You can make 200 yuan for an hour. Bai Yongsheng said that the village has been on the tour since the end of November, and now he has made three or four thousand yuan.

  截至目前,北红村共开办家庭旅馆72家,从事特色农产品经营农户38家,全村366人当中有220多人直接从事旅游业。2018年,北红村共接待游客万人,农民人均纯收入达到万元,年底不仅实现整村脱贫,还一跃成为远近闻名的富裕村。

Up to now, there are 72 family hotels in Beihong Village and 38 farmers with special agricultural products. In 2018, Beihong Village received a total of 10,000 tourists, the per capita net income of farmers reached 10,000 yuan, the end of the year not only to achieve the whole village out of poverty, but also to become a well-known rich village far and near.

  去年7月,北红村入选首批全国乡村旅游重点村。“旅游招牌打了出来,但如何不让这块牌子蒙尘?”赵民兴思虑。近两年有些地方出现的恶意宰客现象更是让他忧心忡忡。而这个时候,村子内部之间同质竞争、定价不规范等苗头也开始显露出来。

In July last year, Beihong Village was selected as the first batch of key villages for rural tourism. \"The tourist sign came out, but how can we not let it get dusty?\" Zhao Minxing thought. In the last two years he has been worried about the phenomenon of malicious slaughter. And at this time, the village within the homogeneity of competition, pricing irregularities and other signs began to show.

  在驻村工作队参与指导下,北红村家庭宾馆协会正式成立。“协会一方面统一食宿价格,一方面建立监督员制度。游客权益如果受到侵害可直接向市物价监督管理局投诉,直接由市局的专职监督员负责纠纷处理。”赵民兴说。

Under the guidance of the village team, the North Red Village Family Hotel Association was formally established. \"On the one hand, the association unifies the price of food and accommodation, on the other hand, it establishes a system of supervisors. If the rights and interests of tourists are infringed, they can complain directly to the Municipal Price Supervision and Administration, and the full-time supervisor of the Municipal Bureau is directly responsible for handling the disputes. Zhao Minxing said.

  走进任金红家的“任家大院”,墙上不仅挂着营业执照,还张贴着住宿和菜价两张公示板。其中,普间为380元每晚,炕间为580元每晚。“实际上平时房间价格在200元左右,但旺季生意再火爆,也绝不能超过公示板的价格。”任金红说。

Enter Ren Jinhong's \"Renjia courtyard \", the wall not only hung business license, but also posted two public boards of accommodation and food prices. Among them, the general room is 380 yuan per night, and the Kang room is 580 yuan per night. \"In fact, the usual room price is around 200 yuan, but the peak season business is more popular, also must not exceed the price of the bulletin board. said Ren Jinhong.

  在菜价公示板上,炖菜类、黑龙江野生鱼类、炒菜类和主食几十种菜品的价格标注得清清楚楚,既方便客人按单点菜,又能防止出现菜金纠纷。

On the price announcement board, the price of stewed vegetables, Heilongjiang wild fish, stir-fried vegetables and dozens of staple dishes are clearly marked, which cannot only facilitate guests to order according to a single order, but also prevent the occurrence of vegetable gold disputes.

  在基础设施提升上,得益于扶贫工作队的入驻,北红村近两年陆续争取到相关政府项目。巷道全部硬化,修起了民族小广场,全部经营户统一木质牌匾,还做了公里的夹柳条杖子。“现如今走在村里,比城里的公园都不差。”任金红说。

In the infrastructure upgrading, thanks to the arrival of the poverty relief team, Beihong Village has been in the past two years to obtain relevant government projects. Roadway all hardened, repaired the national small square, all operators unified wooden plaque, but also made a kilometer of willow stick. Nowadays walking in the village is no worse than all the parks in the city. said Ren Jinhong.

  北红村现有49户建档立卡户,其中大部分只有弱劳动能力,在做好政策兜底的同时,如何巩固脱贫质量是摆在北红村面前的一道难题。

Beihong village has 49 building grade card households, most of which are only weak labor capacity, while doing a good job of policy, how to consolidate the quality of poverty relief is a difficult problem in front of Beihong village.

  “从前年开始,我们争取项目资金相继建起了一座1600多平方米的畜舍和4座400平方米的温室大棚,所得收入的60%用于给建档立卡户分红。”驻村工作队队长周广新说,“2018年户均分红1331元,2019年达到4897元。”

“Since the year before last, we have sought funding for the construction of a more than 1,600-square-metre barn and four 400-square-metre greenhouse shed, with 60 per cent of our income being used to pay dividends to established-grade card holders. Zhou Guangxin, the leader of the village task force, said:" The average household dividend in 2018 is 1331 yuan, reaching 4897 yuan in 2019.

  扶贫更要注重扶志,“并不是群众坐在家里就能平白得到分红,平时得参与村里的环境整治、绿化等公益性活动,按照出工次数确定分红数额。”周广新翻开一本账册,上面详细记录着49户群众出工天数,“现在的北红村,想干事、要干事的观念已经深入人心。”

Poverty alleviation should pay more attention to support Zhi,\" it is not that the masses can sit at home to get dividends, usually have to participate in the village environmental improvement, greening and other public welfare activities, according to the number of workers to determine the amount of dividends.\" Zhou guangxin opened an account book, with a detailed record of 49 people working days,\" now the north red village, want to do, to do the concept has been deeply rooted.\"

推荐阅读  2019年12月31日,由中国社会保障学会68位学者评选出的2019年度全国社会保障领域十件大事正式发布。较大幅度降低社会保险费率、出台3岁以下婴幼儿照护服务发展政策、设立儿童福利司与养老服务司、全面取消城乡居民医疗保险个人账户备受民众关注的事件位列其中。

On December 31,2019,10 major events in the field of national social security were officially announced in 2019, selected by 68 scholars of the Chinese Society of Social Security. Significant reductions in social insurance rates, the introduction of policies for the development of infant and child care services under the age of three, the establishment of the Child Welfare Department and the Pension Service Department, and the total elimination of individual accounts of medical insurance for urban and rural residents were among the most concerned incidents.

  据中国网信网消息,国家互联网信息办公室秘书局、工业和信息化部办公厅、公安部办公厅、国家市场监督管理总局办公厅联合印发《App违法违规收集使用个人信息行为认定方法》。

According to China NetNet, the General Office of the State Internet Information Office, the General Office of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the General Office of the Ministry of Public Security and the General Office of the State Administration of Market Supervision and Administration jointly issued the \"App method for the determination of illegal collection and use of personal information.


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