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长城宁述勇中国将成全球新能源汽车产业核心
2020-01-08 00:15   来源:  www.futilecycle.com   评论:0 点击:

长城宁述勇中国将成全球新能源汽车产业核心随着2020年的到来,经过10年产业化的中国新能源汽车产业开始驶入

  随着2020年的到来,经过10年产业化的中国新能源汽车产业开始驶入新棋局:一方面,经过多年努力,我国新能源汽车产业技术水平显著提升、产业体系日趋完善,产销量、保有量连续四年居世界首位;另一方面,在整体车市下行、补贴退坡等因素的影响下,新能源汽车也不可避免受到了冲击。

With the arrival of 2020, after 10 years of industrialization, China's new energy automobile industry began to enter the new chess game: on the one hand, after many years of hard work, China's new energy automobile industry technology level has been significantly improved, the industrial system is becoming more and more perfect, production and sales, and the amount of ownership have been ranked first in the world for four consecutive years; on the other hand, under the influence of the overall car market downward, subsidies and other factors, new energy vehicles cannot avoid the impact.

  补贴取消后新能源汽车会不会出现负增长?面对激烈而又残酷的技术与市场竞争,车企该如何抉择?新能源汽车特别是纯电动汽车的价值到底体现在哪?带着这些问题,《经济参考报》记者近日采访了长城汽车股份有限公司副总裁、新能源汽车欧拉品牌总经理宁述勇。

Will there be negative growth for new energy vehicles after subsidies are eliminated? In the face of fierce and cruel technology and market competition, car companies how to choose? What is the value of new energy vehicles, especially pure electric vehicles? With these questions in mind, the Economic Reference reporter recently interviewed Ning Shuyong, vice president of Great Wall Automotive Co. Ltd. and general manager of the new energy car Euler brand.

  回顾中国新能源汽车产业的高速发展,离不开补贴政策的正向激励。不过,当补贴开始逐渐退坡后,从2019年7月起,新能源汽车市场便出现了销量“五连降”。

The rapid development of China's new energy automobile industry cannot be separated from the positive incentive of subsidy policy. However, after the subsidy began to gradually decline, from July 2019, the new energy car market has seen \"five consecutive sales decline \".

  按照2019年6月发布的规划,2020年期间新能源补贴将全面取消,这是否意味着2020年的新能源汽车市场将面临更多的不确定性?宁述勇认为,补贴的取消的确会引发一连串的连锁反应,但展望新能源汽车的未来,政策段的利好不仅仍然存在,或许还会更“猛烈”。

According to the plan released in June 2019, the new energy subsidy will be completely eliminated during 2020, does this mean that the new energy car market in 2020 will face more uncertainty? Mr Ning believes that the elimination of subsidies will indeed trigger a chain reaction, but looking ahead to the future of new energy vehicles, the policy benefits are not only still there, but perhaps more aggressive.

  他说,除了新能源补贴政策外,引导车企朝新能源汽车方向发展的还有双积分政策。2020年,双积分政策会进一步推进,激励传统汽车厂商加大新能源车型的推出力度。

In addition to the new energy subsidy policy, he said, there is a two-point policy that guides the development of car companies towards new energy vehicles. In 2020, the policy of double points will be further advanced, and traditional automobile manufacturers will be encouraged to increase the launch of new energy models.

  2017年9月27日,工信部发布了《乘用车企业平均燃料消耗量与新能源汽车积分并行管理办法》,即业界所称的“双积分制”。“双积分制”规定,车企生产燃油车会得负积分,生产新能源汽车则会得到正积分,而在年度考核时,车企需要保证自己的总积分为正。

On September 27,2017, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology issued the \"passenger car enterprise average fuel consumption and new energy vehicle integral parallel management method,\" which is called\" double integral system \"by the industry. The \"double-integral system\" stipulates that car companies will get negative points for producing fuel vehicles and positive points for producing new energy vehicles, while in the annual assessment, car companies need to ensure their own total points are positive.

  根据文件条例规定,车企2019年和2020年的积分比例需分别达到10%和12%,只是2019年的积分可以并轨考核,而2020年则将分开单独计算。由此,各大车企2020年均将迎来双积分“大考”。

According to the document regulations, the car enterprises in 2019 and 2020 need to achieve 10% and 12% of the points, respectively, but 2019 points can be assessed in parallel, and 2020 will be separately calculated. As a result, each big car enterprise in 2020 will usher in double points \"big test \".

  不仅如此,排放更加严格的国六标准也在助攻新能源汽车产业。2016年底,国家质检总局和环保部联合发布的国标《轻型汽车污染物及测量方法(中国第六阶段)》明确提出,国六(A)标准和国六(B)标准会分别在2020年7月1日以及2023年7月1日两个时间点实施。另外,根据国务院发布的打赢蓝天保卫战三年行动计划,从2019年7月1日起,重点区域(京津冀及周边、长三角和汾渭平原)、珠三角地区、成渝地区已提前实施国六排放标准。

Moreover, the stricter national six standards are helping the new-energy auto industry. By the end of 2016, the AQSIQ and the Ministry of Environmental Protection jointly issued the GB \"Light Vehicle Pollutant and Measurement Method (Phase VI of China)\", which clearly stated that the national six (A) standard and the national six (B) standard would be implemented on July 1,2020 and July 1,2023 respectively. In addition, according to the three-year action plan issued by the State Council to win the blue sky defense war, from July 1,2019, the key regions (Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei and its periphery, Yangtze River Delta and Fenwei Plain), the Pearl River Delta region and Chengdu-Chongqing region have implemented the national six emission standards ahead of time.

  宁述勇说,国六标准的上马,意味着国三标准的车可能会被强制报废,国四标准的车将不允许上牌,国五标准的新车则面临贬值风险。对车企而言,随着标准的升级,对于排放的处理会变得越来越复杂,研发成本更是成倍增加,与其这样,不如干脆一步到位,将所有的精力和成本放在未来的终极目标——新能源汽车上。

Ning said the country's six standards on the horse, means that the country's three standards of the car may be forced to scrap, the country's four standards of the car will not be allowed to license, the country's five standards of new cars face the risk of depreciation. For car companies, as standards upgrade, emissions will become more complex and research and development costs will multiply, so instead, put all your energy and costs to the ultimate goal of the future, new energy vehicles.

  另外,国家发改委、生态环境部、商务部还于2019年6月发布了《推动重点消费品更新升级畅通资源循环利用实施方案(2019-2020年)》,提出各地不得对新能源汽车实行限行、限购,并加快由限制购买转向引导使用。

In addition, in June 2019, the National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment and the Ministry of Commerce issued the \"Implementation Plan for Promoting the Renewal and Upgrading of Key Consumer Goods \"(2019-2020).

  宁述勇说,这一政策对于人口密度高的大城市来说,无疑是非常大的利好,尤其是对上下班的白领来说,新能源车不限行是一种“刚需”。

Ning said that this policy for the population density of the big cities, is undoubtedly very good, especially for white-collar workers to and from work, new energy vehicles unlimited is a \"rigid demand.\"

  综上所述,宁述勇认为,虽然补贴的消失会短期抑制新能源车销量,但随着双积分、国六标准以及不限行不限购等新政策的助力,新能源汽车将从2020年开始会有质的飞跃。

To sum up, ningshuyong believes that although the loss of subsidies will short-term suppression of new energy vehicle sales, but with the help of double points, national six standards and unlimited restrictions and other new policies, new energy vehicles will start from 2020 will have a qualitative leap.

  2019年新能源汽车之所以迎来低迷时刻,除了补贴退坡的影响,也和新能源车暴露出来的续航存在短板、充电难、保值率低等问题有关。

In addition to the impact of the downturn in subsidies, the 2019 downturn in new energy vehicles is also linked to problems such as short board, difficult charging and low preservation of value, which are exposed to new energy vehicles.

  对此,宁述勇表示,此前人们对新能源汽车的“容忍度”很高,不过,从2020年起,新能源汽车的竞争将会更激烈,市场淘汰赛将正式开启。“补贴退坡之后,新能源车企需要真正靠产品和服务从燃油车的手中争抢用户。”

In response, mr ning said there had been a \"high tolerance\" for new-energy vehicles, but that competition for new-energy vehicles would be more intense and the market knockout race would officially open from 2020. \"After the subsidy retreat, new energy companies need to really rely on products and services to compete for customers from fuel vehicles.\"

  如今,包括新能源车在内的整个汽车产业链都在加大对外开放的力度。以动力电池为例,随着国内电池市场对外资企业开放,执行了近四年的动力电池“白名单”成为历史,外资巨头闻风而动,并在华进行了大规模布局。据不完全统计,松下、SK、LG化学、三星SDI这四家企业近一年在中国投资动力电池产业总额已经超过570亿元。

Nowadays, the entire auto industry chain, including new energy vehicles, is opening up more to the outside world. Take the power battery as an example, with the domestic battery market open to foreign companies, the implementation of nearly four years of power battery \"white list\" has become a history, foreign giants heard the wind, and carried out a large-scale layout in China. According to incomplete statistics, Panasonic, SK, LG Chemical and Samsung SDI have invested more than 57 billion yuan in the power battery industry in China in the past year.

  市场竞争的加剧使得国内动力电池企业的淘汰赛愈演愈烈。2017年曾在国内行业装机量排名第五位的国能电池,由于研发速度跟不上,产品不达标,导致订单大幅减少;动力电池企业湖北猛狮也因债台高筑,资不抵债,进入了破产清算。

The intensification of market competition makes the elimination of domestic power battery enterprises more and more intense. In 2017, the state-owned battery, which had the fifth-largest installed capacity in the domestic industry, suffered a sharp reduction in orders due to the lack of R


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